Every workplace contains hazards, and everybody should be aware of risks and reduce the chance of damage. Not all threats are visible, and every workplace will have its own set of dangers. This might make it challenging to recognize and protect your staff against them right away. As a result, hazard assessment programs and hazard management policies are implemented in a workplace to secure the working environment.
Let us understand the difference between the two (hazard assessment programs and hazard management policy) before getting into the details of the hazard and its type.
Hazard Assessment Program
Hazard assessment is a process of identifying, accessing, and eliminating the hazard to protect workers and the workplace. The detailed and structural information for processing the steps of identifying and reducing risks (threats) are known as hazard assessment programs. Many organizations provide these programs to different industries at high risk of facing any hazard in the workplace.
Hazard Management Policy
Hazard management policies are a set of rules and regulations implemented in an organization to reduce incidents. These rules help keep managers, employees, and supervisors to identify the source of hazard and act accordingly. Risks can occur in any form in a workplace, and designed policies can help minimize any hazard.
The Most Common Workplace Hazards
Different industries are exposed to different kinds of hazards. These hazards are harmful to employees, but they may become the number one reason for business loss. To manage your business and employees, understand the different kinds of hazards in an organization.
The six major types of hazards are as follows:
Chemical: Chemical hazards are caused due to exposure to harmful chemicals in industry. These risks can have physiological and physical consequences, such as skin rashes, breathing irritation, eyesight, rust, and explosions.
Biological: Biological hazards include viruses, bacteria, insects, and others that can have a negative influence on an employee’s health. Mold, sewage, dust, and debris are just a few examples.
Physical: Physical hazards are environmental variables that can harm an employee without being encountered, such as heights, noise, radiation, and pressure.
Ergonomic: Ergonomic hazards are caused by physical variables that might cause bone and muscle injury. For example, a lousy workstation layout, poor posture, and manual handling are all ergonomic hazards.
Safety: These are hazards that contribute to risky working conditions. Exposed cables or a wet carpet might provide a tripping hazard. Physical hazards are sometimes involved in this category.
Psychosocial: Psychosocial hazards are those that can harm a worker’s mental health or well-being. For example, victimization, stress, and workplace violence all lead to psychological hazards.
How to Handle Risks and Hazard in the Workplace
If you safeguard your employees, you may save your workplace and business. It is critical to implement a hazard assessment program to handle workplace incidents. However, it is also necessary to take additional steps to protect against possible hazards.
- Conduct a risk and hazard assessment that is suitable for the nature of the job. You can download the safety manuals that will help guide employees to act smartly during an incident.
- Once you design your hazard management policies, implement controls (actions) to mitigate or eliminate the identified hazards.
- Ensure that all employees are appropriately trained to a level where they can identify the hazard, manage the hazard, and save the workplace.
Implementing hazard assessment programs in an organization can reduce the chances of previously mentioned hazards. Let us understand how it is done and what are the elements of hazard management programs.
Essential Elements of Hazard Management Program
Every hazard assessment program should be designed to meet the specific requirements of the organization to avoid hazards. Here are a few elements of the hazard assessment program that every employer should know about.
- Workplace analysis to identify activities: It is an ongoing process for examining the previous and current potential hazards in an organization.
- Ensuring employee involvement and employer commitment: the managers should lead the way by making policies, assigning responsibilities, and involving employees to minimize risks and hazards.
- Managers must check with the employees if any activity is associated with hazards that can be risky for the workforce and workplace.
- Reduce tasks that can cause serious injury to the workers instead of implementing the more practical and secure way to complete a project. It can be done by modifying the strategy and educating each employee about hazard management policy.
- Provide hazard assessment programs to managers, employees, and other crew in the organization. Ensure they are appropriately trained to take vital steps at the time of hazard.
- Verify that employees correctly follow the hazard management policies you have implemented in your organization to minimize incidents.
- Try to improve the safety programs by upgrading the policies and regulations.
Risk and hazard management programs are essential in an organization. They help in reducing the chances of injuries that affect the health and wellness of employees. Workplace hazards might be costly in nature; reducing their occurrence by guiding employees with hazard management policies will improve the firm’s goodwill.